Barbados is the eastern-most Caribbean island. It is located in the eastern Caribbean. The island, which is less that one million years old, was created by the collision of the Atlantic crustal and Caribbean plates, along with a volcanic eruption. Later coral formed, accumulating to approximately 300 feet. It is geologically unique, being actually two land masses that merged together over the years.
Barbados weather is generally warm and very sunny all year round with an average daytime high of 30°C / 86°F. In fact, Barbados has over 3,000 hours of sunshine each year.
The prevailing northeast trade-winds blow steadily so that although it is bright and sunny, it is not unbearably hot. The nights are usually slightly cooler.
The rain typically comes in quick showers. The dry season lasts from January to June.
In 1625 English sailors landed on the island of Barbados. They found an uninhabited island and claimed it for Britain. The place where the sailors landed is the town of Holetown today. The first settlers from England arrived two years later in 1627. They established a local House of Assembly which largely ruled the British colony.The main industry was sugar. The island became divided into huge estates called plantation. Slaves were imported from Africa to work the sugar fields until slavery was abolished in the British empire in 1834. Even without slavery, the British still ruled the land. In the 1930's the descendants of the slaves started to fight for their political rights. One of their leaders was Sir Grantley Adams who founded the Barbados Labor Party and would become the first Prime Minister of Barbados. The first general election was in 1951. Ten years later in 1961, Barbados became an independent country.
The people of Barbados decided that they wanted to be part of the British Commonwealth again and November 30, 1966 it rejoined Britain as an independent state.