Did you know that most of Egypt is covered by the Sahara Desert and this part of the world gets little rainfall. There is one major river in Egypt that is called the Nile River. Some people have referred to Egypt as the gift of the Nile. That is because the Nile River is so important to the people who live in Egypt. If the Nile was not there, then people would not be able to survive in the dry, sandy desert climate. It is estimated that about 99% of Egypt's population lives near the Nile River.
Egypt is one of the oldest known cultures in the world, dating back at least 51,000 years. The history, and ruins of ancient Egypt draw many tourists all the time to visit this country. Ancient Egypt was ruled by a person called a Pharaoh. Many Pharaohs were buried in pyramids, that tourists can still see today in Egypt. Another attraction that is special to Egypt is the Great Sphinx of Giza. It is the largest statue to survive from ancient times. It has the head of a man and the body of a lion. The statue is made of limestone. The Great Sphinx statue was built in approximately 2500 BC.
Bread is served at most every meal in Egypt. The bread is usually made from corn, barley, or rice instead of wheat. Rice, couscous, beans, and fruits are also served. Egyptian people do not eat much meat, milk, or dairy foods. When meat is eaten, it is usually beef, lamb, goat, or rabbit.