Tunisia is the Northernmost country in Africa, and at almost (64,000 sq mi) in area, the smallest country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is bordered by Algeria to the West, Libya to the Southeast and the Mediterranean Sea to the North and East. As of 2013, its population is estimated at just under 10.8 million.
Unlike other North African cuisine, Tunisian food is quite spicy. A popular condiment and ingredient which is used extensively in Tunisian cooking, is Harissa, which is a mix of spices that is commonly sold together, a paste containing the same spices, or the most important ingredient in the sauce which takes its name from the spices used. Other common spices include cumin or cumin seeds, garlic, caraway seeds, coriander seeds, and paprika or smoked paprika. There is an old wives tale that says a husband can judge his wife's affections by the amount of hot peppers she uses when preparing his food.
Tunisia's climate is moderate in the north, with mild rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The south of the country is desert. The terrain in the north is mountainous, which, moving south, gives way to a hot, dry central plain. The south is semiarid, and merges into the Sahara. A series of salt lakes, known as Chotts or Shatts, lie in an east-west line at the northern edge of the Sahara, extending from the Gulf of Glabes into Algeria.
Tunis is the largest city in the country of Tunisia, Arabic is the official language. There are 29 airports in Tunisia, with Tunis Cartage International Airport and Djerba -Zarzis International Airport being the largest ones.